Understanding the Meaning and Types of Differentials
A differential in vehicles is a term used to refer to something or a device that is found in the engine of the vehicle and divides the engine into two parts. Basing on the distance the vehicle is covering, the differential is able to allow the wheels to spin in different speeds. The buyers guide helps you to understand how your vehicle moves and how the wheels spin. Also through the buyer’s guide you are able to know the type of differential that is in your vehicle. Therefore, before you purchase any vehicle you should ask for the buyer to give you the buyer’s guide. Through this buyers guide you will be able to discover the different types of differentials found in different vehicles.
The open differential is the one we will start with. The most common differential in the market is the open differential. The reason being it is cheaper. In almost every new vehicle there is an open differential in it. With the buyers guide you are able to know if the vehicle you purchased has an open differential or not. The open differential will only work best when the weather is under normal conditions. When the weather changes and the roads become slippery the performance of the open differential becomes poor or drops. The wheels continue to spin without moving on the slippery road. Compaired to any other differential, open differentials are less expensive in cost and maintenance.
The second differential is the limited-slip differential. In order for your vehicle to spin in different speeds you need a limited-slip differential. Prevention of additional torque from the slipping tire is what makes this differentiates this differential from the open differential. The torque is taken to the tire which contains the most traction. By doing this it makes the movement of your vehicle to be much more efficient. It makes your turnings to be fast and also hard as compared to open differentials. Their characteristics makes them to be most preferred in racing vehicles.
To add on that is the Torsen differential. The Torsen differential is much more complex than the open and the limited-slip differential. Your car is made to perform less work by this differential. Its complex nature requires a much deeper explanation in the buyers guide. It does not need fluid resistance or clutches to add resistance to produce the torque seen in limited-slip differential. Immediate transfer of torque is possible due to the constant meshing of the gears. This reason makes it the responsive differential over others. All the benefits of both the open and the limited-slip differential are all combined by the Torsen differential.
In conclusion, the above buyers guide shows some of the examples of the different types of differentials.